Date: August 31
Plenary session of governors
State leaders meeting at the Second Summit of the Americas Climate Change review and shall state the relevant options to meet the agreements reached in the COP 21 held in late 2015 in Paris. These options will focus specifically on the exchange of experiences in climate action, generating agreements for regulating and promoting financing schemes between subnational jurisdictions that make up the American continent.
Latin American climate legislation
One of the main challenges facing governments in the implementation of actions for mitigation and adaptation to climate change is the lack of institutional consolidation and rules for action before that climate phenomenon. That is why, during this session speakers will seek to expose the barriers they have faced during the development of the legislation in question, as well as strategies that have been implemented to advance the issue. In this regard, it is noteworthy that in April 2012, the Mexi-can Congress unanimously approved the General Law on Climate Change (LGCC) which came into force in October that year and that made Mexico the first developing country to have a law on the subject.
International cooperation for development as an economic engine against climate change
International cooperation is a widely accepted strategy for achieving the goals of mitigation and adaptation to climate change, so this session will seek that speakers from different agencies such as the German Mexican Alliance on Climate Change (GIZ, for its acronym in German) and the United Nations Office for project Services (UNOPS), discuss their priorities, the role of subnational governments in compliance with international agreements, the effectiveness of the projects of south-south cooperation, opportunities and challenges of cooperation at the subnational level; and the impact of funding at national and subnational levels.
Emerging issues of the development agenda 2030: wa-ter and biodiversity facing the challenges of climate change
Climate change to the list of factors driving the most serious crisis in biodiversity since the extinc-tion of the dinosaurs is added, along with deforestation, overexploitation of natural resources and pollution, among other human activities, 65 million of years. The magnitude of the problem is such that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change notes that species that have been studied, about 50% have already been affected by climate change.
Also, projections indicate that increases in water temperature and the variation of extreme events, including floods and droughts, affect water quality and sharpen water pollution by multiple causes with possible negative effects on ecosystems, human health, and reliability and operating costs of water systems.
In this sense, the goal of the session is to identify the implications of the new objective of sustaina-ble development no.13 called Climate Action and its connection with the objectives no.6 Clean Water and Sanitation, no.14 Life Underwater and no.15 Terrestrial life. The speakers will share suc-cessful experiences and lessons learned in sustainable water management and biodiversity, in addition to the alignment between climate actions that are implemented at the regional level, the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2011- 2020) and the Aichi Biodiversity.
US climate legislation
National legislation on climate change is an element that favors the creation of public space to shore up international agreements that have been signed, so GLOBE International recommends support international processes to involve legislators in order to help inform the development of legislation on climate change, promote good practices and developing peer groups. In this regard, the meeting will seek to identify the impacts of state and national legislation, harmonization of public policies at different levels and possible economic mechanisms to encourage actions to mitigate climate change.
New challenges of international public climate finance
In the context of the financial challenges posed by climate change, including the scale of funding required and obstacles to the effective use of international, domestic, public and / or private climate finance; Speakers in this session will discuss the preparation required for climate funding of any nature; the capacities of countries to plan, access, enforce and monitor and report results mitigation and, finally, this funding will result in catalyst forms and fully integrated with national development priorities. Also, it will highlight the current relevance of carbon markets and identify if there are capabilities for operation of a continental carbon market.
Local adaptation and mitigation strategies
The implementation of adaptation and mitigation of climate change is a commitment that must be involved all territorial levels of decision, with the municipalities and cities a priority in world politics on climate change. In this sense, the session will hold an exchange of experiences between relevant actors who tracked the development and / or implementation of local climate action strategies.
Date: September 1st
Secretaries and ministers from different local governments emphasize the need to reconfigure the current local governance to climate change in order that national commitments in the legal and institutional frameworks are reflected in the territory.
State environmental law in the Americas
The speakers in this session will discuss the state of environmental law from their respective jurisdictions, identify the opportunities for exchange of knowledge on environmental protection, as well as future challenges for prosecutorial environment in poyo in the development and implementation of policies and mitigation actions by the national government. In addition, it will speak about the participation of the three branches of government in the advancement and strengthening of environmental law and the development of international and local regulatory framework on climate change.
Effectiveness of private financing for climate action
Since the interest of the World Bank Group is to accelerate private sector investment for climate change, through collaboration with regulators, boost the defense and promotion of green banking products and promoting market development green bonds. This session will discuss the benefits and disadvantages of the distribution of funds at the national or subnational level.
Low carbon Climate Action and rural development (GCF Panel)
This panel Working Group of the Governors’ Climate and Forests (GCF Task Force) will provide an opportunity to meet successful local stories and outline the way forward to achieve the commit-ments made in the Declaration of Rio Branco and signed at the Meeting GCF annual 2014, in which GCF members agreed to reduce deforestation by 80% by 2020.
Climate and forests subnational innovation: resources and restoration of traditional communities
The panel will enable us to hear about the collaboration between policy makers, non-governmental organizations and opinion leaders that have implemented actions to protect forests, reduce emis-sions of greenhouse gases and improve the livelihoods of provinces at the forefront of REDD + policies and how these cases can be expanded to form national and international approaches.
The importance of businesses in climate action
Experts mention that companies should be more convinced that economic success does not depend solely on a strategy of increased profits, but of environmental protection and promoting social responsibility, including consumer interests. That is why, in this session, speakers will share the experience of companies that have recognized its responsibility for improving the environment, not in response to the requirements demanded by legal standards and government enforcement but from the conviction that corporate sensitivity to the environment involves direct benefits generally optimize their competitiveness and recognition in society.
The importance of civil society organizations in the climate action
The relevance of the issue of climate change in the global context has forced the heavy involve-ment of civic groups in actions and initiatives that at another time would be run exclusively by the government.
This logic has allowed in most countries where governments allocate a national priority to the issue, the involvement of non governmental organizations in its programs will result in the ideal complement national policy.
Also, the importance acquired this participation of civil society is not only limited to the political arena. The development of mechanisms and research on the effects of climate change on the human environment have been the focus of work of many social organizations.
In this regard, this session will focus on the challenges that civil society organizations dedicated to environmental subnational level in North and Latin America America issues facing as well as the spread and impact it has had the encyclical letter Laudato SI ‘Holy Father Francisco on the com-mon house.